The knee is a complex joint which consists of
Knee ligament injuries vary in severity, ranging from mild to severe.
They include sprains, strains, partial tears, and complete tears. Treatment options may include RICE (rest, ice, compression, elevation), physical therapy, and sometimes surgery.
These components allow easy joint movements and at the same time can be more susceptible to various kinds of injuries.
Knee problems may arise if any of these structures get injured by overuse or suddenly during sports activities. Pain, swelling, and stiffness are the common symptoms of any damage or injury to the knee.
Common causes of knee injury include:
Either anterior or posterior cruciate ligament
That leads to the accumulation of extra fluid or blood in the joint
An ACL tear commonly happens during sports activities when the knee undergoes forceful twisting or hyperextension. Rapid changes in direction, abrupt stops, running slowdowns, incorrect jump landings, and direct collisions, like football tackles, can also cause ACL injuries.
The MCL is an inner knee ligament that stabilizes the joint, running from the femur to the top of the tibia. MCL injuries, ranging from stretching to partial or complete tears, often happen due to external pressure or stress on the outer knee.
PCL injuries are rare and challenging to detect compared to other knee ligament injuries. They often coincide with cartilage and bone bruise injuries. PCL injuries are graded I, II, or III based on severity:
PCL injuries typically result from direct impacts like automobile accidents or falls with a bent knee in sports.
After knee ligament injuries, you can start the R.I.C.E. method before seeing a doctor:
Avoid putting pressure on the injury to prevent further damage
Apply ice packs wrapped in a towel to the injured area for 15-20 minutes, four times a day
Wrap the knee with a compression stocking for swelling reduction and support.
Keep the knee elevated above heart level to decrease swelling and alleviate pain.
If you experience a popping noise, instability, or extreme pain preventing movement, it's crucial to consult your doctor for advice.
Where non/surgical therapies have been exhausted your doctor may discuss surgical solutions such as ACL Reconstruction Surgery for a reconstruction of the ACL